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What do we mean by "Human Resources"? In the simplest sense, "Human Resources" are the people (humans) who benefit the company through their work (resources); basically, the employees of a company or organization. 


However, the term "Human Resources" - or HR - is often used to refer to the division within a company that manages employees. This division is typically responsible for finding, recruiting, screening, and training job applicants; employee performance and compensation packages; and administering employee departures - whether voluntary or involuntary. The HR division typically handles payroll and employee-related payments to the government and may also be responsible for occupational health and safety, regulatory compliance, future workforce planning including succession strategies, and more.

Many small companies don't have a dedicated HR division - or even a dedicated HR person. These companies still have the same need to manage their employees and comply with government regulations related to employees. Even companies with a dedicated team member may benefit from access to additional information and expertise. 

Recognizing the challenges this presents, the NSBA has expanded the role of our Diversity & Inclusion Coordinator, Rohan Christian, to be a Human Resource Advisor with a specialty in diversity-related topics.  

The HR Advisor's role is not to do companies' HR work; it is to help companies to do the work themselves by providing support and guidance, learning opportunities, and connecting people with third-party resources as needed. For more information, contact Rohan at This service is free to NSBA members; we are exploring a fee-based model for non-members. 

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Key Diversity-Related Terms 

Key DEI Terms


Diversity in an organization is having differences in race, colour, gender, sexuality, disability, ethnicity, religion, etc.


Inclusion at work is how all employees, from leaders to labourers, behave to create an environment where people feel accepted regardless of differences.


Equality is providing the same opportunities and supports to everyone, regardless of their differences. 


Belonging is an outcome of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion - where employees feel accepted while being themselves.


Equity is providing opportunities and supports based on individual needs, because everyone has different advantages and disadvantages.


Accessibility is ensuring access or usability for people with disabilities, sometimes through workplace accommodations.

10 Tips for... 

10 Tips...

...Attracting and Retaining Diverse Employees

...Maximizing Employee Satisfaction

Upcoming HR Events

Upcoming HR Events

For a list of all upcoming events and cultural days, visit our Events page. 

National Day for Truth & Reconciliation / Orange Shirt Day - September 30 (annual)

The National Day for Truth and Reconciliation remembers those who endured Canada's residential school systems. This includes both survivors and those who never returned home. The NSBA recognizes the experience of survivors and honours the memory of those who didn't survive.

You can participate in activities at home or in person. A list of 2023 activities and learning resources are below. 

Activities and Actions:

Learning Resources:

Mental Health Supports for Indigenous People:

Treaty Day - October 1 (NS, annual)

Treaty Day, observed each year on October 1st, inaugurates Mi'kmaq History Month in Nova Scotia. This significant event was officially declared in 1993 by Premier John Savage and Mi'kmaq Grand Chief Ben Sylliboy. The primary aim of Treaty Day is to enhance public understanding and appreciation of Mi'kmaw culture and heritage among all residents of Nova Scotia. 

You can participate in activities at home or in person. A list of 2023 activities and learning resources are below. 

Activities and Actions:

Learning Resources:

Government Supports

Resources - Province of Nova Scotia:

Financial Supports - Province of Nova Scotia:

*Note there is a general wage incentive program called "START" and a separate program called "Apprenticeship START". Information about the Apprenticeship Start Program is included in the NS Apprenticeship Agency page "Financial and Other Support for Employers".

Govenment Supports
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